When most hear the word science, they often depict the setting of a mad scientist’s lab, with beakers full of deadly unknown chemicals and a vast majority of contraptions. However, this is not the case, most of the time that is. Science doesn’t just include the typical chemist portrayal but also many other subtle forms. Science is broken down into branches that study the different aspects of time, space and basically everything. These fields are known as the following; formal sciences, natural sciences, and social sciences. Each of these plays a key role in discovering new information about us and the world around us.
The first fundamental branch is the formal sciences. This includes the basic knowledge of mathematics, theoretical computer science, decision theory, statistics and logic. Instead of using the scientific method to decide whether a new fact discovered is valid or not, this field mainly focuses on the creation of the scientific method, using formal systems that include definitions and rules in the process. Mathematics and logic are pretty self-explanatory under this field, but statistics are the use of the logic and data computed through mathematics. Theoretical computer science is a more abstract look or mathematical aspects of computing. It breaks downs steps of certain algorithms and also programs semantics of languages. Finally, the decision making theory is all based on ethics and values when trying to solve a problem. All of these elements tie in together to create the nitty-gritty basis of the science field, and the most basic branch of science; formal science.
The second branch is the natural science, which can be broken down further into three sub-categories; physical, earth, and life sciences. The physical science field includes al basic properties of the earth and universe such as chemistry and physics. This is where the depiction of the mad scientists flies in. Physics studies matter and the motion through space in time. It’s a broader subject that focuses on the universe as whole. Chemistry, on the other hand, is narrowed down to the study of matter under reactions, such as the elements that are naturally and artificially engineered, atoms and molecules. The earth sciences focus more on meteorology, oceanography, geology and ecology. Meteorology studies the atmosphere; oceanography studies the depths of the ocean while geology studies the physical earth itself, allowing us to discover the history of our planet. However, ecology is the study of organisms as they interact with others and their abiotic environment around them. Finally, the last sub-category would be the life sciences, which includes biology, human biology, zoology, and botany. Biology and human biology are set apart by the fact that biology is a broader term for the study of a living organism. This studies the structure, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy. Human biology studies mainly human nutrition and medicine. And last but certainly not least, zoology focuses mainly on the animal kingdom while botany is mainly focused on the study of plants, and also being one of the oldest branches of science around.
Lastly, social science is a broader term for sciences that don’t fall underneath the category of natural sciences. Certain fields of studies include anthropology, archaeology, business administration, criminology, economics, education, government, linguistics, international relations, political science, psychology (social psychology), sociology and sometimes the history of law. This science mainly focuses on the study of the societies that the human race has built, rather than studying what has already existed before the human race evolved.
These branches opened a myriad of doors for us to explore the natural world and us. People always say knowledge is power, and without knowing we wouldn’t know how to function or prosper as a human race. So my question for this blog post is which science do you think aids us the most in understanding the years to come and to predict possible future disasters and/or achievements?
Here’s a video that further displays some benefits from the understanding of science:
Fisk, Eric. The Scientific Universe. 12 April 2013. Wikipedia. Web. 06 September 2013
Popper, Karl R. “Branches of Science.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 June 2013. Web. 06 Sept. 2013.
My Tutor. “The Importance of Science Education.” YouTube. YouTube, 14 Mar. 2013. Web. 06 Sept. 2013